1. dihydric alcohol – any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule. diol, glycol. alcohol – any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation.
What is dihydric alcohol with example?
Dihydric Alcohol: Alcohols containing two hydroxyl groups. Example: 1, 2-Ethanediol, 1, 3-Propandiol.
Which of the following is a trihydric alcohol?
Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol because it contains three different types of hydroxyls or alcohol. Glycerin is a thick, sweet-tasting liquid found in fats and oils.
Which of the following is not the example of dihydric alcohol?
Which of the following is not the example of dihydric alcohol? 3. Which of the following is the correct structure of catechol? Explanation: Catechol is dihydric alcohol, in which hydroxyl group is attached adjacent to each other in benzene ring.
What is dihydric phenol?
When benzene ring has 2 -OH groups, it is called Dihydric phenol.
Is glycerol a dihydric alcohol?
Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol because it contains three hydroxyl or alcohol groups. … It was discovered in 1779, when the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786) washed glycerol out of a heated a mixture of lead oxide (PbO) and olive oil. Today, it is obtained as a byproduct from the manufacture of soaps.
Is ethylene glycol a dihydric alcohol?
Ethylene glycol (EG) is a multidirectional, dihydric alcohol, which is widely used in food, chemical and automotive industries. EG is a compound of similar toxicity to ethanol (EA).
What is polyhydric alcohol?
Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, containing one hydroxyl group (–OH) attached to each carbon atom. … Since they contain multiple –OH groups, they are classified as polyols.
Which of the following substances is Trihydric?
Glycerol, 1,2,3-propanetriol, is a trihydric alcohol which has a wide range of uses across various industries such as food and drinks, drugs, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, toothpaste, toiletries, plastics, tobacco, pulp and paper, paint, leather, textile, lubricants and automotive (10,11).
Which of the following is a Trihydric acid?
CnH2n+1(OH)3 is a general formula for trihydric alcohols.
Is catechol a dihydric alcohol?
Example of dihydric alcohol is catechol which contains two hydroxyl groups attached to the two carbon atoms of the benzene ring. The other important example of dihydric alcohol is ethylene glycol.
Which of the following is Dihydric acid?
Glycols are dihydric alcohols (having two hydroxyl groups). Ethylene glycol is the first member of this series.
Which of the following is monohydric alcohol?
An alcohol that has one hydroxyl group is called monohydric; monohydric alcohols include methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol.
Which of the following is dihydric phenol?
Ethylene glycol is a dihydric alcohol.
What are alcohols define monohydric dihydric and trihydric alcohols with one example?
Classification of Alcohol
Monohydric alcohols: These contain one -OH group. An example is CH3CH2-OH. Dihydric alcohols: These contain two -OH groups. An example is 1,2-Ethanediol. Trihydric alcohols: These contain three -OH groups.
Is catechol a dihydric phenol?
Advances during the past one and a half decade in the chemistry of dihydric phenols are reviewed in this chapter concerning 1,2-dihydroxybenzenes (catechols), 1,3-dihydroxybenzenes (resorcinols), and 1,4-dihydroxybenzenes (hydroquinones).