Which one has the highest boiling point, alcohol or phenol? – Quora. Phenol has a higher boiling point. You can use pKa to figure out boiling points. The lower the pKa, the more easily the proton dissociates from the molecule.
Which has more boiling point phenol or alcohol?
Phenol has the higher boiling point about 181.7 °C, because in phenol the -Oh group is attached to an unsaturated carbon atom due to which it forms stronger hydrogen bonding than the alcohols and so phenol is more soluble in water and need more energy to break the H-bonds which increases its boiling point.
Why alcohols and phenols have higher boiling point?
Phenols generally have higher boiling points in comparison to other hydrocarbons with equal molecular masses. The main reason behind this is the presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl groups of phenol molecules.
Why do phenols have higher boiling points?
Phenols generally have higher boiling points in comparison to other hydrocarbons having equal molecular masses. This is due to the presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl groups of phenol molecules. In general, the boiling point of phenols increases with an increase in the number of carbon atoms.
Which has a higher boiling point alcohol or ethers?
Ethers lack the hydroxyl groups of alcohols. Without the strongly polarized O―H bond, ether molecules cannot engage in hydrogen bonding with each other. … Because ether molecules cannot engage in hydrogen bonding with each other, they have much lower boiling points than do alcohols with similar molecular weights.
Is phenol or alcohol more soluble?
Solubility. Alcohols : Alcohols are soluble in water because they form intermolecular hydrogen bonding with water molecules. … However, the solubility of phenols is much lower than that of alcohols due to the presence of the larger hydrocarbon part (benzene ring).
What is the difference between alcohol and phenol?
Moreover, in phenols, the hydroxyl group is directly bonded to the aromatic ring and not the carbon atom.
|Difference Between Alcohol and Phenol|
|Alcohols show no impact or reaction during tests as they are mostly neutral.||Phenol can change litmus paper red as they are acidic in nature.|
Why is phenol more reactive than alcohol?
Phenol is more acidic than alcohols due to stabilisation of phenoxide ion through resonance. Presence of electron withdrawing group increases the acidity of phenol by , stabilising phenoxide ion while presence of electron releasing group decreases the acidity of phenol by destabilising phenoxide ion.
Which has a higher boiling point?
In general, larger molecules have higher boiling points than smaller molecules of the same kind, indicating that dispersion forces increase with mass, number of electrons, number of atoms or some combination thereof.
Why is phenol more soluble than alcohol?
Alcohols contain an OH group in which a hydrogen atom is attached to the electronegative oxygen atom, due to which it is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with the water molecule leading to greater solubility of alcohol in water. Phenol is sparingly soluble in water.as it is non polar in nature.
What is the boiling point of alcohol?
The boiling point of ethanol or grain alcohol (C2H5OH) at atmospheric pressure (14.7 psia, 1 bar absolute) is 173.1 F (78.37 C).
Why is phenol acidic than alcohol?
Phenols are much more acidic than alcohols because the negative charge in the phenoxide ion is not localized on the oxygen atom, as it is in an alkoxide ion, but is delocalized-it is shared by a number of carbon atoms in the benzene ring.
What is phenol boiling point?
The boiling points of alcohols are much higher than those of alkanes with similar molecular weights. For example, ethanol, with a molecular weight (MW) of 46, has a boiling point of 78 °C (173 °F), whereas propane (MW 44) has a boiling point of −42 °C (−44 °F).
Why do alcohols have higher boiling points?
The hydroxyl groups in alcohol molecules are responsible for hydrogen bonding between the alcohol molecules. As greater energy is required to overcome these strong intermolecular forces, the melting points and boiling points of alcohols are higher than those of alkanes with a corresponding chain length.
Which alcohol has the higher boiling point?
The boiling point of ethenol or grain alcohol (C2H5OH)at atmospheric pressure is 78.37C. and the boiling point of methyl alcohol or wood alcohol is 66C. And the boiling point of isopropyl alcohol is 80.3C. Phenol has a higher boiling point.