Phenol is sparingly soluble in water.as it is non polar in nature. Thus ethanol is more soluble in water compared to phenol.
Why alcohols are more soluble than phenol?
Alcohols undergo intermolecular H-bonding while hydrocarbons do not. Hence, they are more soluble in water than the hydrocarbons of comparable molecular masses. The nitro-group is an electron-withdrawing group. The presence of this group in the ortho position decreases the electron density in the O-H bond.
Is phenol more soluble in water?
Water is a polar solvent. Hence polar substances like salts are more soluble in it. Phenoxide ion is more polar than phenol itself. Hence is more soluble in water.
Which is more soluble in water phenol or methanol?
Larger the hydrocarbon part in the molecule lesser is the solubility. Since in methanol only -CH3 group is attached to -OH it is easily soluble but in case of phenol due to the larger hydrocarbon part (benzene ring) in the molecule which decreases its solubility.
Is alcohol most soluble in water?
Moreover, in alcohols, the −OH group is polar and makes them water-soluble. On the other hand, the alkyl chain is non-polar and decreases the solubility of alcohol in water.
Why phenol is less soluble in water than ethanol?
Phenol is partially soluble in water because it has an ability to form hydrogen bonding with water molecules. However phenol is less soluble than alcohols because of the presence of a large hydrophobic benzene ring. This benzene ring being water repelling causes hindrance during the solubility of phenol in water.
Is phenol soluble?
Phenols are similar to alcohols but form stronger hydrogen bonds. Thus, they are more soluble in water than are alcohols and have higher boiling points.