Most of the ethanol in the body is broken down in the liver by an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which transforms ethanol into a toxic compound called acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), a known carcinogen.
What organ breaks down alcohol and at what rate?
The liver is the primary organ responsible for the detoxification of alcohol. Liver cells produce the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase which breaks alcohol into ketones at a rate of about 0.015 g/100mL/hour (reduces BAC by 0.015 per hour).
How is alcohol digested?
Alcohol is absorbed throughout the digestive tract. Unlike other nutrients alcohol is absorbed directly into the blood stream through the stomach lining and it is also rapidly absorbed in the small intestine. Alcohol metabolism mostly occurs in the liver, but other cells in the body can also metabolise alcohol.
How does the liver break down alcohol?
How does my liver process the alcohol? … Most alcohol is broken down, or metabolised, by an enzyme in your liver cells known as alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). ADH breaks down alcohol into acetaldehyde, and then another enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), rapidly breaks down acetaldehyde into acetate.
What happens when alcohol enters the body?
Alcohol enters the bloodstream through your stomach and small intestine, and from there it travels to the brain. Because alcohol is a depressant, it slows down the functions of your body. The effects of alcohol on your body include slower reaction time, less coordination, and impaired vision.
What does alcohol do to kidneys?
Alcohol causes changes in the function of the kidneys and makes them less able to filter the blood. Alcohol also affects the ability to regulate fluid and electrolytes in the body. When alcohol dehydrates (dries out) the body, the drying effect can affect the normal function of cells and organs, including the kidneys.
How does alcohol affect the reproductive organs?
The male reproductive system consists of the hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary gland, and the testes. Alcohol can interfere with the function of each of these components, thereby causing impotence, infertility, and reduced male secondary sexual characteristics.
What does alcohol do to the pancreas?
Heavy alcohol consumption can increase the risk of pancreatitis, a very painful and potentially fatal inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreatic acinar cells are thought to sustain damage from free radicals and other toxic byproducts of alcohol metabolism.